Located in the continent of South America, Ecuador covers 276,841 square kilometres of land and 6,720 square kilometres of water, making it the 74th largest nation in the world with a total area of 283,561 square kilometres.
Ecuador became an independent state in 1830, after gaining its sovereignty from Spain. The population of Ecuador is 15,223,680 (2012) and the nation has a density of 55 people per square kilometre.
The currency of Ecuador is the US Dollar (USD). As well, the people of Ecuador are referred to as Ecuadorian.
The dialing code for the country is +593 and the top level Internet domain for Ecuadorian sites is .ec.
Ecuador shares land borders with 2 countries: Colombia, Peru.
What is the capital of Ecuador?
Ecuador is an adventure for booth intrepid travelleres and those decidelly less so. For its size, Ecuador has an especially impressive array of interesting sites, cities, and places to visit.
Quito is the capital city of Ecuador. It has a population of 1,399,814, and is located on latitude of – 0.23 and longitude of – 78.52.Quito is also the political centre of Ecuador, which is considered a Republic, and home to its Executive head of state.
Quick Facts About Quito, the Capital Of Ecuador
Tours are available to cool, little,-travelled spots, and with a bit patience and energy, bushwhacking amore rugged course is also posible. Highlights include perusin the humming outdoor markets (Otavalo is the first choice for shopping, while Saquisili is best for whatching the local shop), riding atop a train through hair – raising Devil’s Nose pass, exploring the Amazon – a chance to check out nature’s splendor and/or stay with indegenous communities in the forest deep – and, if can afford it, visiting the Galapagos Islands.
The high Andes beckon with stunning vistas, colourful indigenous markets, and scenic colonial neighbourhoods. The eastern lowlands offer Amazonian ecolodges to top off your Ecuador adventure. Western Ecuador boasts the exciting port city of Guayaquil, rare dry forest habitats, and serene beaches. Then there are the Galapagos Island, area superlative place to get your scuba – diving certification, and surfers who look hard enough will find decent waves along their costs from November to February. Galapagos is located more than 900 kilometres from the coast, these fabled islands are part of Ecuadorian territory and the jewel of Ecuadorian tourism. The Galapagos are on the bucket list of nearly every world traveler and those who make their way to this volcanic archipelago find their expectations surpassed by their experience.
There is’s perfect time for a general tour of Ecuador is the smallest OPEC member and the world’s top banana exporter. It is also a big exporter of coffee, shrimp and cocoa.
When to Go
DISCOVERING A DIVERSITY OF LANDCAPES OF THE MOST BEAUTIFUL MEGADIVERSE VARIETY OF SPECIES, FLORA AND FAUNA IN THE PLANET…
For a small country, Ecuador has many geographical zones. The Coast is hot and wet from January to May (rainstorms make make poorer roads impassable), overcast and humid from June to September, and drier and cooler the rest of the year. the dry season in the highlands is late May to September, which coincides with the wettest months in the Orient, where roads may be closed the high seasons are June to August. December and January. They include Andean peaks, tropical rainforests and – 1,000 km (600 miles) off the coast – the volcanic Galapagos Islands, home to the animals and birds whose evolutionary adaptations shaped Charles Darwin’s theories.
PACKING LIST AND GOOD THINGS TO KNOW
No matter where you are going in Ecuador you should carry your passport or a copy of it with you. If you are travelling by bus, always bring the real thing, as there are often military and police roadblocks where they check everyone’s ID or passport. If you’re just strolling around the town or city where you’re staying, it’s safer to pay 10 cents and make a copy to carry it with you. You usually need to show the copy to use a credit card and encase the police are doing random spot checks. As far as the safety of your personal possessions and more importantly, your passport, you generally have to be more careful in the coast.
What to Bring to the Galápagos
The climate of the Galápagos Islands is, mostly pleasant. On this note you don’t have to warm-up as much as you do in the Andes, but a windbreaker and a light sweater are a good idea. If you are going to the islands don’t forget to bring a swimsuit, you will find quite enjoyable swimming in these islands. You’ll also want to have as much (maybe more) sun protector as you need, sunrays may get pretty strong, like anywhere along the equator. If you’re going on a cruise ship, most of them have sufficient electricity to run electric appliances, like a shaver or a hairdryer. The terrain isn’t very rough so tennis shoes will work just fine, but they should still be comfortable.
Temperature Range: 18º-27ºC (68º-86ºF)
If you are going to the islands to snorkel or dive, tour operators usually have all of the equipment, but you should always make sure before you go. As many people like to wear their own masks and wetsuits, some operators might assume you’re bringing them.
* Notes: Domestic airline regulations permit 20 kilos (44 pounds) per suitcase, maximum two suitcases per person. There is a National Park fee of $100 (USD) to enter the Galápagos Archipelago, which usually isn’t included in the cruise, or tour packages.
What to Bring to the Jungle
The weather in the Amazon Basin is very humid and warm. You will likely be fine bringing no more than one or two sweaters, as sometimes it can get a little chilly at night. Try to stick to relatively fast-drying material as far as pants and shirts go, it can get really humid there, and you’re pretty much guaranteed to see rain, especially from March until September. Lots of cotton socks is a good rule of thumb to go by. Maybe even bring all the cotton socks you own, they get wet fast. A good quality rain jacket will really come in handy, or if you don’t have one, at least buy a waterproof poncho or a big thick plastic bag (you can usually buy one for really cheap once you get to Coca, Puyo or Tena).
Temperature Range: 23º to 26º C (72º to 80º F)
Sun protector will be extremely helpful. Even though the sun won’t be as scorching as in the coast, it’s still definitely not a bad idea to bring along sun glasses, sunblock and a hat with a brim. To fight the enemy of dehydration, always drink lots of boiled or pre-bottled water, and if you are always carrying a water bottle, you’re surely going to drink more, even if you’re not thirsty. Insects are everywhere is the jungle, so whatever method you prefer to deal with that (wither it be good oil insect repellent or taking vitamin B6 or B12 starting a week before the trip), it’s recommended to do that. Regarding this, if you have some worries about malaria or other tropical diseases please see our Health section. Seeing as though it rains a lot, it’s likely a good idea to keep all you things in well-sealing plastic bags. You’ll thank yourself later. It also gets very dark in the jungle, so if you’re going outside of town on a trek, bring a flashlight so you can make it to the bathroom at night. Besides the footwear you might normally use, you might want to add rubber boots to the list, that is, if you are going on a trek outside of town.
What to Bring to the Andes
Light wool is ideal and a warm jacket is usually necessary in the highlands after the sunset. Try not to forget your bathing suit and comfortable shoes for walking, or good hiking boots if your planning on doing any heavy trekking. If you’re planning on visiting the Cotopaxi National Park or other places of a rather high altitude, it is advisable to bring a thick sweater and a jacket. Remember that the higher you are, the colder the weather will be.
Temperature Range: 5º-25ºC (41º-77ºF)
What to Bring to the Coast
This place, as you can imagine, is hot! Probably, for that reason, bring all the sun protection you can get your hands on. The clothes worn in the coast are mostly shorts, a t-shirt and sandals. At night you might want to have a long sleeved shirt and light pants, but it won’t get very cool there, even at night. As mentioned before, don’t carry valuables with you (especially not your passport) when walking on the beach or going to a bar. There is a risk of malaria on the coast as well as in the jungle, so please read our Health section if you’re planning on visiting this area.
Temperature Range: 24º-32ºC (80º-96ºF)
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