Ecuador’s name comes from the Equator, which divides it unequally, putting most of the country in the Southern Hemisphere. It may be the smallest Andean country, but it has four distinct and contrasting regions.
Ecuador is in Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru.
The “Republic of the Equator” was one of three countries that emerged from the collapse of Gran Colombia in 1830 (the others are Colombia and Venezuela).
Between 1904 and 1942, Ecuador lost territories in a series of conflicts with its neighbours. A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was resolved in 1999.
Geographic coordinates: 2 00 S, 77 30 W
Border countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km
Climate: tropical along coast, becoming cooler inland at higher elevations; tropical in Amazonian jungle lowlands
Population: 13,547,510 (July 2006 est.)
Languages:Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)
Administrative divisions: 22 provinces (provincias, singular – provincia); Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe
Independence: 24 May 1822 (from Spain)
National holiday: Independence Day (independence of Quito), 10 August (1809)
What is the International Telephone Dialling Code for Ecuador? The International Dialling Code for Ecuador is +593.
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